10. The Atlanteans and the Jews in Egypt
If Atlantis had indeed existed as argued above, the question that remains is who exactly they were, and if any trace of the Plato’s surviving Atlanteans can be found. Since Atlantis itself has reportedly been swallowed up by the ocean, the next place to look for evidence of “Atlanteans” would be ancient Egypt, where according to legend the Atlanteans had settled. Egyptian mythology dates back to the gods who ruled Egypt at the beginning of time - Ra, who ruled all parts of the created world, the gods Osiris and his wife Isis, and several other deities57,58. According to Tacitus 59, the Jews flourished in Egypt under Isis, but were later driven from Egypt to adjacent countries. If this is true (why else would such a ridiculous legend have come into existence?), then chances are good that these “gods” would have been the Atlanteans who had settled in Egypt – those who perceived them as gods would have been the native Egyptian population.
In the last chapter of my book Thera and the Exodus I present a link between Abraham, the father of the Israelites, and the race referred to as the Giants, the Watchers and also the Nehphilim. It can be shown that Abraham, as ab-Ra-‘am, can be translated as father-Ra-of-the-people, or in other words, Abraham is synonymous with the Egyptian god Ra. This hypothesis is strengthened by a curious inscription on the 1593 De Jode map of Terra Australis Incognita60 (Figure 31). It reads “Chasdia, called by others Tierra del Fuego”. Thanks to the miracle of the Internet, it was not hard to find a connection to Chasdia. Abraham came from the city Ur of the Chasdim 61. The land of the Chasdim was also called Chasdia or Chusdia and significantly, according to Berosus, the land was governed by ten kings before the Flood62. Bryant goes to great lengths to dispute this claim, but it matches the ten kings who ruled Atlantis according to Plato, and the De Jode map places Chasdia in Terra Australis Incognita. The ten kings of Atlantis also ruled Egypt and certain parts of Europe according to Plato, and their rule must have included the land of the Chaldeans. In other words, Abraham is linked unequivocally to the Atlanteans, and through the De Jode map to Terra Australis Incognita. It should be noted that this particular naming of Terra Australis (as Chasdia) appears to have originated from the French Arabic scholar Guillaume Postel, who named the continents of after the sons of Noah. Terra Australis was named Chasdia after the son of Cham (Africa), “For in that part of the coastline that has been discovered, men were seen of great blackness.” 63 However, the fact both Chasdia and Atlantis were ruled by ten kings cannot be pure coincidence – there must be some ancient link between the two accounts.
Incidentally, one region of Terra Australis is called Regio Patalis (Figure 1, Schöner’s 1533 globe).The language used on most of the ancient maps appears to be Latin, and the Latin word ‘patalis’ means ‘broad-horned’, typically used in conjunction with the word ‘bos’, meaningox or bull64. Regio Patalis was therefore the region of the broad-horn bulls, probably referring to cattle in general. Atlantis was known for its bull-worship, a form of religion that had also manifested itself in ancient Egypt. Regio Patalis therefore provides another probable link between Terra Australis Incognita and Atlantis.
Figure 31. De Jode Map of Terra Australis 1593
One should next look for ancient legends describing the expulsion of a group of people from ancient Egypt. Although not directly related to Egypt, the book of Genesis presents the story of Adam and Eve in the Garden of Eden, and their seduction by the Serpent65. This Serpent, who had the ability to speak and reason (like human beings), seduced Eve to eat from the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil, and she in turn convinced Adam to do the same. God then banished Adam and Eve from the Garden of Eden, and condemned the Serpent to crawl on its belly (implying that the Serpent had previously walked upright). That the Serpent in ancient times represented a race of human beings is further alluded to by Josephus’ account of this biblical story, in which God suggests that men should “direct their strokes against his (the Serpent’s) head, that being the place wherein lay his mischievous designs towards men.”66 In other words, it was recognised even back then that the brain was the origin of thought, as is the case for human beings. A particular Egyptian papyrus even shows a serpent with legs (the serpent Sata, Figure 32)67.
Figure 32. The walking serpent Sata
The story of the Serpent and the Tree of Life is not unique to the Bible, but also appears in ancient Egyptian legends. Here the Serpent is called Apophis, and his slaying by Bastet, the Egyptian cat goddess and goddess of warfare, is depicted on several reliefs (Figures 33 and 34).
Figure 33. Bastet slaying of Serpent Apophis coiled around the Tree of Life 68
Figure 34. Bastet slaying Serpent Apophis next to the Tree of Life 69,70
These images certainly portray a victory over Apophis, and one of the Hyksos rulers of Egypt was actually called Apepi, or Apophis. In Thera and the Exodus I show that Manetho’s claim that the Israelites and the Hyksos were one and the same people, is indeed correct. The Hyksos resettled in Egypt during the so-called Second Intermediate Period71, which implies that they had earlier been expelled form Egypt. Do these Egyptian images suggest that the ancient Jews were known as Serpents? Were the scales of these Serpents not merely a type of armour suit with high mobility, being constructed of protective metal plates woven together? It is interesting to note that on the Piri Reis map the southern continent is described as 72
This country is a waste. Everything is in ruin and it is said that large snakes are found here. For this reason the Portuguese infidels did not land on these shores and these are also said to be very hot.
A country that is in ruins matches the destruction of Atlantis, and the very hot shores may be related to the legends that the sky had fallen, that Noah had to hide from the fire in a cave, and that the sea boiled, as related above. Tierra del Fuego means “Land of Fire” in Spanish. The South American Noah’s fire? Does this not confirm that Terra Australis was destroyed by the impact of a comet? The “large snakes” are of particular interest. Numerous ancient legends refer to the exploits a race of serpents, specifically Quetzalcoatl, the Feathered Serpent73, of whom sculptures can be found all over Mesoamerica.
That a huge war had erupted between the gods (the War of the Titans) is attested to in numerous Greek legends, and one of the depictions of this war shows the Greek god Zeus battling with and eventually defeating Typhon, a feathered serpent who has the upper body of a human being (Figure 35). According to Plato’s narrative about the Atlanteans, they attempted to take control of the Mediterranean world, but were defeated by the Greeks. So here we again have a suggestion of the defeat of a Serpent people, this time linked directly to the Atlantis legend.
Figure 35. Zeus battling with and defeating Typhon, a Feathered Serpent 74
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