6. The main obstacle - ice core dating
Probably the most important objection to my theory that Terra Australis was Atlantis must certainly be the results of ice core dating, specifically of the Antarctic ice sheet. The ice sheet has an average depth of about 2160 m and a maximum depth of about 4776 m38. Ice core data from Antarctica suggest that the ice sheet may be up to 800,000 years old39. Antarctica would have formed part of Terra Australis and an 800,000 year old ice sheet must contain a huge layer of the debris from the impact of the comet. If it does not, there are only two possible explanations, namely that Antarctica was never inhabited and a comet impact had never occurred, or that the ice core dating method is completely inaccurate and by implication that the ice sheet only developed after the impact. To my knowledge none of the ice core samples taken from Antarctica show any signs of a cataclysmic event around 12,000 years ago, and I do not have the scientific background to challenge any of these results. All I really can do is to present circumstantial evidence that a major natural catastrophe must have occurred around 12,000 years ago and that its extent would have been so enormous that it must be visible in ice core data.
Apart from these geographical anomalies pointed out above, ancient legends from South America include numerous reports that sky had fallen, that the sea was boiling and the sole survivor of the human race, like the biblical Noah, had to hide from the fire in a cave40. The falling sky must certainly be the approaching tail of the comet entering the earth’s atmosphere, and the fire seen by the sole survivor of the human race must have been fires lit by the associated meteorites. That the sea was boiling most likely refers to the impact crater at the bottom of the sea, where lava would have become directly exposed to sea water. Large meteorites falling into the sea would have had a similar but much smaller effect. Had a comet indeed hit the earth at the Scotia plate as argued here, the entire earth would have been covered in darkness for a significant period of time, causing a severe drop in temperature everywhere and specifically around the polar regions. It is impossible to tell how long the dust particles in the atmosphere would have blocked out the sun before it gradually began to let sunlight through. In the Antarctic region, where the sea ‘boiled’ according to South American legends, this constant supply of water vapour, accompanied by the extreme cold, would have cause the ice cap of Antarctica to grow very rapidly. Could this not be an alternative mechanism by which the polar ice caps were formed?
While searching for information about ice core dating methods, I soon came across and ordered a copy of a book called The Frozen Record by Michael Oard41, which provides an excellent introduction to the novice about the majority of issues at stake in ice core data interpretation. Even though written from biblical Flood perspective, Oard lists and discusses most of the theories pertinent to ice core dating methods and is therefore a must-have for those who are not familiar with this scientific field, but wish to learn more. A response to the arguments presented by Oard can be found here, with Oard's subsequent responses here and here.
While paging through this book, I noticed the bedrock elevation map of Antarctica 42,43 as shown in Figure 19(a) below. What struck me was the similarity between the rather peculiar coastal outline of the Schöner 1515 map in the region of Antarctica as encircled in red in Figure 19(b), and the encircled area in Figure 19(a). Figure 19(c) shows the Schöner map transposed onto the bedrock map of Figure 19(a). Could this be pure coincidence, or did Schöner extract this part of his map from an older map?
(a) Bedrock map of Antarctica (b) Schöner’s 1515 map(c) Schöner map transposed
Figure 19. Details of Schöner’s 1515 map seemingly matching the bedrock outline of Antarctica
It should be noted that the age of the ice caps has been question by Creationists 44,45, who attempt to prove that the earth could have been created less than 10,00 years ago. This is definitely not my objective. Figure 20 shows a possible outline of what Terra Australis may have looked like if it had indeed been a real and not imaginary continent (there is indeed a mid-ocean ridge or mountain which is “low on all sides”, running through the centre of the plain). However, as Antarctica is the highest continent in the world, one would expect Antarctica to stand out on the maps of Terra Australis Incognita, implying that Schöner’s 1515 map needs to be modified somewhat to coincide with the present location of the high lying Antarctica. Conversely, as hypothesized earlier, the Antarctica subcontinent may have been raised to its present altitude by the impact of the comet.
Figure 20. Possible outline of actual Terra Australis Incognita (Atlantis) superimposed onto azimuthal projection of southern hemisphere (equator +20ö),
following flooding of central plane
That a cataclysmic event had most likely occurred thousands of years ago is possibly attested to by the end of the Younger Dryas period46, also called The Big Freeze, which lasted from approximately 10,800 to 9,500 BCE. The onset of this period corresponds closely with Solon’s account of the sinking of Atlantis, which he dated to 9,500 BCE.
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